Ontario Trees & Shrubs website

Common Lilac
Syringa vulgaris

Other common names: Lilac

Family: Olive Family (Oleaceae)

Distinctive features: Shrub

Flowers: Spring, Summer;  White, Blue/Violet;  Showy, range from white to blue to pink to purple.

Leaves: Opposite/Whorled, Simple, Entire

Habitat: Fields and Open Areas;  Open areas.

Books: Trees in Canada: 187   

Native/Non-native: Non-native

Status: Common.

Notes: Although Common Lilac is known primarily as a garden shrub, I have included it on this website because it frequently escapes and grows wild.

Origin and Meaning of Names:
 Scientific Name: vulgaris: common (Latin)

Photographs: 152 photographs available, of which 10 are featured on this page. SCROLL DOWN FOR PHOTOGRAPHS.

Range Map is at the bottom of the page

Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

Common Lilac flowers are well known. They are very showy and fragrant.

Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

Close-up photo of the individual flowers.

Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

There are also white ones.

Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

A grove of Common Lilac in May.

Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

The opposite arrangement of the leaves.

Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

The leaves are approximately heart-shaped.

Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

The remains of the previous year's seed capsules.

Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

Winter twig.

Range map for Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State.
The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs.

(Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website and is displayed here in accordance with their Policies)