Ontario Trees & Shrubs website

European Larch
Larix decidua

French names: Mélèze d'Europe

Family: Pine Family (Pinaceae)

Group: Larches

Distinctive features: Tree; Whorls of needles.

Similar species:
  •   Tamarack (Larix laricina) - very similar: branches not droopy.

Flowers: Summer

Leaves: Whorls of soft needles.

Habitat: Fields and Open Areas;  Damp soil preferred, will grow elsewhere.

Books: Trees in Canada: 76   

Native/Non-native: Non-native

Status: Common.

Photographs: 64 photographs available, of which 8 are featured on this page. SCROLL DOWN FOR PHOTOGRAPHS.

Range Map is at the bottom of the page

European Larch (Larix decidua)

The needles of European Larch tend to be longer and the tufts fuller than Tamarack (Larix laricina).

European Larch (Larix decidua)

European Larch twig, showing the bumps along the stem where the tufts of needles grow. These bumps are larger than our native Tamarack trees.

European Larch (Larix decidua)

This picture shows the tendency of the branches to droop, or "weep", like Weeping Willow (Salix babylonica).

European Larch (Larix decidua)

This photo shows how the tree's branches grow out from the trunk.

European Larch (Larix decidua)

A pair of photos showing the bark...

European Larch (Larix decidua)

European Larch (Larix decidua)

The cones of the European Larch. They are about 2" long. The cones often persist through the winter.

European Larch (Larix decidua)

Range map for European Larch (Larix decidua)

PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State.
The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs.

(Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website and is displayed here in accordance with their Policies)