Ontario Trees & Shrubs website

Canada Plum
(Prunus nigra)

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra) Other common names: Horse Plum

Other scientific names: Prunus mollis

French names: Prunier noir

Family: Rose Family (Rosaceae)

Distinctive features: Tree, Shrub

Flowers: Spring;  White;  5 parts (petals)

Leaves: Alternate, Simple, Toothed

Books: Trees in Canada: 384    Shrubs of Ontario: 205   

Native/Non-native: Native

Origin and Meaning of Names:
 Scientific Name: : black


Photographs: 239 photographs available, of which 14 are featured on this page. SCROLL DOWN FOR PHOTOGRAPHS.

Range Map is at the bottom of the page

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

Canada Plum flowers in early May.

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

The spectacular white flowers are quite fragrant.

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

The whole tree erupts in a burst of white blossoms!

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

This Canada Plum is in my backyard.

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

Flowers accompanied by a flying fly of some sort!

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

Canada Plum flower buds.

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

Canada Plum stems and bark. Note the thorns that give this tree a passing resemblance to Common Buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica).

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

Another photo of the stems and bark.

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

Canada Plum leaves.

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

Let's end with another closeup of the flowers.


Range map for Canada Plum (Prunus nigra)

PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State.
The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs.

(Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website and is displayed here in accordance with their Policies)